Know the Parliament of India-FAQ

In this series of “Know the Parliament of India”, I am sharing the facts and information about the Parliament, its functions, its composition and constitutional framework.

To make the learning easier, I am providing information in Frequently Asked Question (FAQ) format.

So, here is the first question.

1. What is the Parliament?

Answer:

According to the Constitution of India, the union legislative body is called the Parliament.

The Hindi term for Parliament is Sansad (संसद).

The Parliament of India, representing as it does all politically organised shades of public opinion at the national level, occupies a preeminent and

pivotal position in the country’s constitutional set-up.

The Parliament is a forum constituting representatives of people and representatives of states and Union Territories.

Over the years, the grievances and aspirations of people of this country have been fulfilled and the problems of the country have been resolved through this forum.

 It has also, over the years, carved out for itself a unique place to discuss and debate the issues, policies and promises made to the people of the Republic of India.

Next:  What is the composition of Parliament of India?

Director General of Police (DGP) Geetha Johri was appointed in-charge police chief of Gujarat

Director General of Police (DGP) Geetha Johri was appointed in-charge police chief of Gujarat.

The minister of state for home Pradeepsinh Jadeja announced the decision while stating that Johri has been given the additional charge as she is the senior-most IPS officer in the state.

With this Johari has become the first woman IPS officer to be appointed for the top job in the state.

Johri, a 1982-batch IPS officer, is presently posted as managing director, Gujarat Police Housing Corporation, Gandhinagar.

She has been controversial for her role in the investigation into the 2005 Sohrabuddin Sheikh, his wife Kauserbi and 2006 Tulsiram Prajapati encounter cases. She was the supervisory officer of Sohrabuddin encounter case in 2006-07 when the CID (crime) investigated the case following the apex court’s direction.

 

Source:

Gujarat gets its first woman police chief , DGP Geetha Johri replaces PP Pandey, April 4, 2017, The Indian Express

 

Featured Image Courtesy: indianexpress.com


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International Day for Mine Awareness and Assistance in Mine Action 2017

International Day for Mine Awareness and Assistance in Mine Action 2017 was observed on 04 April.

This day aims to raise awareness about landmines and progress toward their eradication.

The theme for 2017 is : Needs driven. People Centred.

On 8 December 2005, the General Assembly declared that 4 April of each year shall be observed as the International Day for Mine Awareness and Assistance in Mine Action.

Further reading:

 

Featured image courtesy: Un.org


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The Ministry of Information & Broadcasting, headed by minister Venkaiah Naidu, launched E-Cinepramaan

The Ministry of Information & Broadcasting, headed by minister Venkaiah Naidu, launched E-Cinepramaan or Online Film Certification System on 27 March to promote transparency and ease of doing business in film industry.

Ministry said in a statement, the objective is to eliminate the need for human interface to the extent possible.

The new online certification system would be an important step in making the CBFC (Central  Board of Film Certification) Office paperless and would enable effective monitoring & real time progress tracking for both CBFC Officials and the applicant (Producers).

The Salient features of the online film certification system are as follows:

  1. In the e-cinepramaan, the status of each application would be visible online in the dashboard of the producer/concerned CBFC official.
  2. In case of short films/promos/trailers less than 10 minutes, even for Examination purposes also, the producer need not visit the Office/Theatre. They can merely submit their creations online.

iii. For films longer than 10 minutes, the applicant will only have to show the film at the Examining theatre and will not have to visit the CBFC Offices at all except to collect their certificates.

  1. The producer/applicant would be informed by SMS/e-mail of the status of their application and any action needed, beginning from the receipt of application to the certificate collection.
  2. The transparency in the system and elimination of middle men would mitigate chances of any corruption and would also avoid allegations of jumping the queue or rigging up of Examination committees.  
  3. The implementation of QR code on the certificates would eliminate chances of fraudulent certificates.

vii. The system envisages a robust MIS system for performance tracking and efficient reporting.

viii. The system has inbuilt alerts depending on the pendency of the application to ensure that time limits prescribed by the Rules are not violated.

  1. Simultaneously, a new CBFC Website has also been developed bringing in new user friendly features and important information at the click of a button.
  2. The online system has integrated the payments made by the producers towards certification fees with Bharatkosh portal, a Govt. of India system for all Non-tax revenue receipts. It would be the First Software to fully integrate with the Bharatkosh.

 

Source:

 


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Lok Sabha passed the 4 Goods and Services Tax (GST) supplementary bills

Lok Sabha passed the 4 Goods and Services Tax (GST) supplementary bills to make way for country-wide rollout of GST on 1st July.

These supplementary bills are:

  1. Central Goods and Services Tax (GST) Bill 2017,
  2. Integrated GST Bill 2017,
  3. The Goods and Services Tax (Compensation to states) Bill 2017 and
  4. Union Territory GST Bill 2017

Now, the State GST legislation has to be passed by the legislative assemblies of all states and Union Territories with legislatures

The rates committee of the GST Council, constituted under the 101st Constitutional Amendment, will recommend the tax rates with respect to CGST, IGST and UTGST. The tax rates for CGST will not exceed 20%. The tax rate of IGST will not exceed 40%. In addition, a cess will be levied on certain goods and services to compensate states for revenue loss.

It also has to decide on the fitment of all applicable goods and services in the relevant tax slabs.

The GST Council has recommended a four-tier tax structure — 5, 12, 18 and 28 per cent. On top of the highest slab, a cess will be imposed on luxury and demerit goods to compensate the states for revenue loss in the first five years of GST implementation.

Food articles which are not taxed will continue to be zero rated under the GST.

The Council has two-thirds voting by the States and one-third by the Centre. The GST Council has been given the power to only make a recommendation regarding the model law.

Provisions of these four bills are:

Central Goods and Services Tax (GST) Bill 2017:  

The centre will levy CGST on the supply of goods and services within the boundary of a state (intrastate).  Supply include sale, transfer and lease made for a consideration to further a business. Read more

Integrated GST Bill 2017:

The centre will levy IGST in the case of (i) inter-state supply of goods and services, (ii) imports and exports, and (iii) supplies to and from special economic zones.  Supply includes sale, transfer, exchange and lease made for a consideration to further a business.  In addition, IGST will be levied on any supply which will not fall under the purview of the Central and State GST Acts. Read more

The Goods and Services Tax (Compensation to states) Bill 2017:

The Bill provides for compensation to states for any loss in revenue due to the implementation of GST for a period of five years as per section 18 of the Constitution (One Hundred and First Amendment) Act, 2016. Read more

Union Territory GST Bill 2017:

The Bill provides for the levy of the Union Territory Goods and Services Tax (UTGST) without legislature. The centre will levy UTGST on the supply of goods and services within the boundary of a union territory (intra-UT).  Read more
Source:

 


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The Supreme Court has banned the sale, registration of non-BS-IV compliant vehicles

The Supreme Court has banned the sale, registration of non-BS-IV compliant vehicles from April 1, 2017 across the country.

The Supreme Court observed that the health of the citizen is more important than the commercial interests of the automobile industry.

In its order a Bench of Justices Madan B. Lokur and Deepak Gupta said, “On and from April 1, 2017, such vehicles that are not BS-IV compliant shall not be sold in India by any manufacturer or dealer, that is to say that such vehicles, whether two-wheeler, three- wheeler, four-wheeler or commercial vehicles will not be sold”

The court further prohibited registration of vehicles meeting  Bharat Stage III  standards on and from April 1. “All the vehicle registering authorities under the Motor Vehicles Act, 1988, are prohibited from registering such vehicles on and from April 1, 2017, that do not meet BS-IV emission standards, except on proof that such a vehicle has already been sold on or before March 31, 2017,” the court directed.

The  Bharat Stage or BS-IV  emission norms came into force from April 1, 2017.

Bharat stage emission standards’  are emission standards instituted by the Government of India to normalize the productivity of air pollutants from internal combustion engine equipment.

The standards and the timeline for implementation are set by the Central Pollution Control Board under the Ministry of Environment & Forests and Climate Change.

Bharat Stage norms are based on European regulations.

 

Source:

 


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