What is the composition of Parliament of India?

The Constitution of India provides for a bicameral Parliament consisting of the President and two Houses known as the Council of States (Rajya Sabha) and the House of the People (Lok Sabha).

The President is the formal, constitutional head of the Republic of India.

The Lok Sabha (House of the People) is the Lower House of Parliament.

The members are directly elected to the House.

Under the Constitution, the maximum strength of the Lok Sabha can be 552 members. The Constitution provides that up to 530 members would represent territorial constituencies in the states, up to 20 members would represent the Union Territories, and two members would be appointed by the President to represent the Anglo-Indian community if there is inadequate representation of the community.

The Rajya Sabha (Council of States) is the Upper House of Parliament.

The House has a maximum of 250 members, out of which 12 members are nominated by the President for their expertise in specific fields of art, literature, science, and social services.

The remaining 238 members are elected by the members of the legislative bodies from the States and Union Territories.

The Rajya Sabha is a permanent body and unlike the Lok Sabha, it cannot be dissolved at any time.

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Know the Parliament of India-FAQ

In this series of “Know the Parliament of India”, I am sharing the facts and information about the Parliament, its functions, its composition and constitutional framework.

To make the learning easier, I am providing information in Frequently Asked Question (FAQ) format.

So, here is the first question.

1. What is the Parliament?


According to the Constitution of India, the union legislative body is called the Parliament.

The Hindi term for Parliament is Sansad (संसद).

The Parliament of India, representing as it does all politically organised shades of public opinion at the national level, occupies a preeminent and

pivotal position in the country’s constitutional set-up.

The Parliament is a forum constituting representatives of people and representatives of states and Union Territories.

Over the years, the grievances and aspirations of people of this country have been fulfilled and the problems of the country have been resolved through this forum.

 It has also, over the years, carved out for itself a unique place to discuss and debate the issues, policies and promises made to the people of the Republic of India.

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