75 Famous monuments of India

Famous monuments of India

Sl. No. Famous Monument Where is it? Who built it? When was built?
1 Jama Masjid Delhi Shahjahan 1656 AD
2. Jama Masjid Agra  Shahjahan 1648 AD
3. Qutub Minar Delhi Qutab Ud-Din-Aibak,  Iltutmish and  Firoz Shah Tughlaq Commenced in 1192 by Qitub-ud-Din Aibak. Iltutmish added three storeys to the monument in 1220. The last two storeys were completed by Firoz Shah Tuglak in 1369.
4. India Gate (originally called the All India War Memorial) Delhi Edwin Lutyens (India Gate was part of the work of the Imperial War Graves Commission (I.W.G.C) Foundation stone laid on 1921. The architecture was completed on 1931.
5. Red Fort Delhi Shahjahan (its design is credited to architect Ustad Ahmad Lahauri) 1639 AD
6. Agra Fort (Red Fort) Agra Akbar Commenced in 1558 and completed in 1573
7. Rashtrapati Bhawan Delhi Edwin Landseer Lutyens and Herbert Baker Decision was made in 1911, during the Delhi Durbar. The construction was completed and occupied in 1929.
8. Raj Ghat Delhi Commissioned by Government of India; designed by Vanu G Bhuta 1948
9. Humayun’s Tomb Delhi Bega Begum (also known as Haji Begum); designed by Mirak Mirza Ghiyas 1570
10. Lotus Temple Delhi Designed by Fariborz Sahba December 1986
11. The tomb of Mohammed Shah Delhi Ala-ud-din Alam Shah 1444 AD
12. Jantar Mantar Delhi Maharaja Jai Singh II 1724 AD
13. Ajanta Caves

 

Also see BBC

Aurangabad, Maharashtra First phase was built during Satavahana dynasty; Second phase of architecture was carried out by Emperor Harishena of the Vakataka dynasty First phase in 1st  and 2nd  centuries BC;

Second phase in 5th Century AD

14. Ellora caves (locally known as ‘Verul Leni’) Aurangabad, Maharashtra during the rule of the Kalachuri, Chalukya, Rashtrakuta and Yadavas of Deogiri 6th – 7th century A.D. to 11th – 12th century A.D
15. Elephanta Caves

 

Also see Elephanta.co.in

Elephanta island (Gharapuri), Maharashtra king Pulakesin II of the Chalukyas and King Krishnaraja of the Kalachuri dynasty 6th – 7th centuries A.D
16. Gateway of India Mumbai Designed by George Wittet 1924 AD
17. Hanging Garden Mumbai Ulhas Ghapokar 1881 AD
18. Malabar Hill Mumbai    
19. Walkeshwar Temple Mumbai Lakshman Prabhu, during Silhara dynasty 1127 AD
20 Akbar’s Tomb  Sikandra, Agra Jahangir Commenced in 1605; completed in 1613
21. Shalimar Bagh

 

Also see Kashmirhills.com

Srinagar Jahangir 1619
22. Nishat Bagh

Also see Kashmirhills.com

Srinagar Asif Khan 1633
23. Chashme Shahi Srinagar Shah Jahan 1632
24. Victoria Memorial Kolkata Commissioned by King George V; Designed by William Emerson 1921
25. Fort William (named for King William III of England) Kolkata Commissioned by British East India Company later rebuilt by Robert Clive Original fort was built in 1706; later rebuilt in 1781
26. Nakhoda Masjid Kolkata Kutchi Memon Jamat 1926 AD
27. St paul’s Cathedral Kolkata Bishop Daniel Wilson 1847
28. Tipu sultan Mosque Kolkata Prince Ghulam Mohammed 1842
29. Howrah Bridge

Also see Business Standard and

http://howrahbridgekolkata.gov.in/

 

 

Kolkata Consulting engineers Rendel Palmer & Tritton of Westminster dealt with the construction.

Cleveland Bridge and Engineering Company of Darlington were the contractors. The fabricators were Braithwaite, Burn & Jessop

Construction Company (BBJ)

1943
30. Indian Museum

Also, see https://indianmuseumkolkata.org

 

Kolkata Founded by  Asiatic Society of Bengal and Nathaniel Wallich was the founder curator. 1814
31. The Asiatic Society Kolkata Sir William Jones 1784
32. Jagannatha Temple (European sailors often referred it as white pagoda) Puri Created by King Indradyumna and reconstructed by Raja Chodaganga deba Rebuilt in 1161 AD
33. Black pagoda/ Sun Temple Konark Raja Narasinghs Deva-I of the Ganga Dynasty mid-13th century
34. Lingaraj Temple Bhubaneswar Yayati Keshari 11th century
35. Ambar Palace Jaipur Constructed by Raja Man Singh I in 1592 and completed by Sawai Jai Singh I 16th century
36. Nahargarh Fort Jaipur Mainly built by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II. Sawai Ram Singh renovated this fort in 1868. 1734
37. City Palace Udaipur Maharana Udai Singh II 16th Century
38. Hawa Mahal Jaipur Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh 1799
39. Jaigarh Fort Cheel ka Teela (Hill of Eagles) of the Aravalli range, Jaipur Sawai Jai Singh II 1726
40. Jal Mahal Man Sagar Lake, Jaipur Maharaja Jai Singh II 18th century
41. Albert Hall Museum (named after Prince of Wales, Albert Edward later renowned as King Edward VII) Jaipur Architected by Samuel Swinton Jacob Foundation laid in 1876 and completed in 1887
42. Lake Palace (formerly known as Jag Niwas) Udaipur Maharana Jagat Singh II 1743-1746
43. Junagarh Fort (originally called Chintamani) Bikaner Raja Rai Singh 1589-1594 AD
44. Ajmer Sharif Dargah (Shrine of Khwaja Moinuddin Chishti) Ajmer    
45. Jaisalmer Fort Jaisalmer Raja Rawal Jaisal 1156 AD
46. Monsoon Palace (formerly, Sajjan Garh Palace) is named after Maharana Sajjan Singh of Mewar dynasty

 

Also, see http://sajjangarh.com/

Udaipur Mewar dynasty 1884 AD
47. Vijaya Stambha (Tower of Victory) also known as Kirti Stambha Chittorgarh, Rajasthan Rana Kumbha of Mewar 1448 AD
48. Dilwara Temple (Jain temples) Mount Abu, Rajasthan built by Vimal Shah and designed by Vastapul-Tejpal 11th to 13th centuries AD
49. Kirti Stambha (Tower of Fame)

 

Note: This tower was dedicated to Jainism and is different from the tower built by Rana Kumbha

Chittorgarh, Rajasthan Jeeja Bhagerwala 12th-century
50. Mehrangarh Fort Jodhpur, Rajasthan Rao Jodha of Rathore clan 1460 AD
51. Golden Temple (Sri Harimandir Sahib) Amritsar, Punjab Founded by Guru Ram Das (4th Sikh Guru) and constructed by Guru Arjan (5th Sikh Guru) 1577 A.D to 1604 A.D
52. Buland Darwaza Fatehpur Sikri, Uttar Pradesh Mughal Emperor Akbar 1601 AD
53. Panch Mahal (also known as “Badgir”) Fatehpur Sikri, Uttar Pradesh Mughal Emperor Akbar 1569-1574 AD
54. Gwalior Fort Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh Suraj Sen 3rd Century
55. Lalbagh Botanical Garden Bengaluru, Karnataka Hyder Ali commissioned it which was later completed by Tipu Sultan 18th Century
56. Gol Gumbaj Bijapur, Karnataka Muhammad Adil Shah started in 1626 and completed in 1656
57. Mysore palace Mysuru, Karnataka Designed by British architect Henry Irwin 1912 AD
58. Statue of Gomateshwara (dedicated to the Jain god Bahubali) Vindyagiri Hill at Shravanbelagola, Karnataka. Chavundaraya, the Prime Minister, and Commander-in-Chief in the Talakad Ganga dyansty 983 AD
59. Brihadishvara Temple Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu Raja Raja Chola I Between 1003 and 1010 AD
60. Char Minar Hyderabad, Telangana Sultan Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah of Qutub Shahi dynasty 1591
61. Golkonda (originally known as Mankal) Hyderabad, Telangana Kakatiya dynasty of Warangal 1143 AD
62. Virupaksha

Temple

Hampi, Karnataka Lakkan Dandesha, a nayaka (chieftain) under the ruler Deva Raya II of the Vijayanagara Empire 7th century
63. Khajurao

Temples (A group of Hindu and Jain temples)

Khajuraho, Madhya Pradesh Chandela Dynasty 950-1050 AD
64. Champaner

Pavagadh

Archaeological

Park

Panchmahal, Gujarat Solanki dynasty, Khichi Chauhans and Sultan Mahmud Begarah 10th-15th Century
65. Chatrapati

Shivaji

Terminus (previously known as VictoriaTerminus; name changed in 1996)

Mumbai, Maharashtra British architect F. W. Stevens and Axel Haig. Began in 1878 and completed in 1887
66. Kumbhalgarh

Fort

Rajsamand district, Rajasthan Rana Kumbha 15th century
67. Bara

Imambara

Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh Asaf-ud-Daula, Nawab of Awadh 1784 AD
68. Basilica of

Bom Jesus (contains the tomb and mortal remains of St Francis Xavier who died on December 13, 1552)

Goa  N/A Construction began in 1594 and completed in 1605 AD
69. Rani ki vav Patan, Gujarat Queen Udayamati 11th century AD
70. Anand Bhawan (donated to Indian Government in 1970) Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh Motilal Nehru 1927
71. Cheena Kesava Temple (Vijayanarayana Temple; dedicated to Hindu god Vishnu) Belur, Karnataka King Vishnuvardhana 12th century
72. Jahaz Mahal Mandu, Madhya Pradesh Ghiyas-ud-din Khilji 15th century
73. Kalinjar Fort Banda District, Uttar Pradesh  Chandela dynasty 10th century
74. Sanchi Stupa (variously known as Kakanaya, Kakanava, Kakanadabota and Bota-Sriparvata in ancient times) Sanchi, Madhya Pradesh Emperor Asoka 3rd century BC
75. Sarnath Temple (is the four most important Buddhist pilgrimage and also Jains look upon this place as the site of asceticism and death of Shreyamshanath, the 11th Tirthankara) Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh  
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