Q2. In which year was Venkatraman Ramakrishnan conferred the Nobel Prize in Chemistry?
Answer: C. 2009
Indian-born American-British structural biologist Venkatraman Ramakrishnan was conferred the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 2009.
Venkatraman Ramakrishnan, who worked at the Medical Research Council’s Laboratory of Molecular Biology in Cambridge, UK shared the award with Ada Yonath of the Weizmann Institute of Science in Rehovot, Israel, and Thomas Steitz at Yale University in New Haven, Connecticut.
These three scientists mapped the structure and inner workings of the ribosome — the cell’s machinery for churning out proteins from the genetic code.
Indian Citizens who won the Nobel Award are:
1. Rabindranath Tagore (The Nobel Prize in Literature, 1913)
“because of his profoundly sensitive, fresh and beautiful verse, by which, with consummate skill, he has made his poetic thought, expressed in his own English words, a part of the literature of the West”
2. Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman (The Nobel Prize in Physics, 1930)
“for his work on the scattering of light and for the discovery of the effect named after him”
3. Mother Teresa (The Nobel Peace Prize, 1979)
“for her work undertaken in the struggle to overcome poverty and distress, which also constitutes a threat to peace.”
4. Amartya Sen (The Prize in Economic Sciences, 1998)
“for his contributions to welfare economics”
5. Kailash Satyarthi (The Nobel Peace Prize, 2014)
“for their struggle against the suppression of children and young people and for the right of all children to education”
Indian Origin persons who won the Nobel Award are:
1. Venkatraman Ramakrishnan (The Nobel Prize in Chemistry, 2009)
“for studies of the structure and function of the ribosome”
2. Ronald Ross (The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, 1902)
“for his work on malaria, by which he has shown how it enters the organism and thereby has laid the foundation for successful research on this disease and methods of combating it”
3. Har Gobind Khorana (The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, 1968)
“for their interpretation of the genetic code and its function in protein synthesis”
4. Subramanyan Chandrasekhar (The Nobel Prize in Physics, 1983)
“for his theoretical studies of the physical processes of importance to the structure and evolution of the stars”