Q. In the Gupta period, the largest numbers of coins were issued in
Answer: A. gold
In the Gupta period (early 4th to the late 6th century), the largest numbers of coins were issued in Gold coins. In this period, different Gupta rulers circulated a large number of gold coins.
Gupta dynasty was founded by Srigupta in South-East Bihar in 260 AD. He ruled from 260 AD to 280 AD.
His son and successor was Ghatotkacha who ruled from 280 AD to 300 AD.
In both the previous rule, the Gupta empire was too small and they did not issue any coin.
The Gupta Empire rose the significant in Indian history with the succession of Ghatotkacha’s son Chandragupta I. He was the real founder of the Gupta rule in Magadh (now Bihar) in the true sense. He assumed the title of ‘Maharajadhiraj’ in 320 AD. He also was the first ruler to issue Gupta coinage.
Chandragupta I died in 330 AD and he was succeeded by his son Samudragupta.
Samudragupta extended the empire beyond Magadh. He conquered North India and campaigned towards East coast in South India. In the North, he adopted the policy of “Digvijaya” which meant the conquest and annexation of all territories. In the South, his policy was “Dharma Vijaya” which meant conquest but not annexation. He ruled till 370 AD.
Gupta coins constitute the earliest indigenous coinage of India, which approximates most closely to the coins as we know them in the modern age.
Coinage, in Gupta empire, received special attention, most probably of the emperor himself.
During the Golden age of Gupta dynasty, each king—Samudragupta, Chandragupta II and Kumargupta I — has issued dozen type of coins.
Gupta gold coins displayed superb craftsmanship and were masterpieces of design and artistic techniques. The coins depicted the ruling monarch on the obverse and carried legends with the figure of a goddess on the reverse.
Sanskrit was the language of the inscription.
The Gupta gold coin is known as dinaras.