Abu’l Hasan Yaminuddin Khusro (1253-1325), better known as Amir Khusro (also Khusrau, Khusrow) Dehlavi, was the poet laureate of the Indian subcontinent during 13th and 14th centuries.
Some important facts about Amir Khusro
- Amīr Khusrow was born in Patiyali in the Delhi Sultanate (in modern day Uttar Pradesh, India) in 1253.
- His father, Amir Saifuddin Mahmud who, before coming to India, was the chief of a clan called “Lachin” in Turkistan during the rule of Changez Khan.
- He was a mystic and a spiritual disciple of Hazrat Nizamuddin Auliya of Delhi.
- A vocabulary in verse, the Ḳhāliq Bārī, containing Arabic, Persian, and Hindavi terms are often attributed to him.
- Khusrow was an expert in many styles of Persian poetry which were developed in medieval Persia, from Khāqānī’s qasidas to Nizami’s khamsa.
- Khusrow is regarded as the “father of qawwali”.
- Khusrow is sometimes referred to as the Tut-i Hind (parrot of India).
- Hazrat Amir Khusro enjoyed the title of Nayak (a perfect master of music).
- Later he was patronized by Alauddin Khalji (695-715 AH / 1295-1315 AD), Qutubuddin Mubarakshah (715-720 AH / 1315- 1320 AD) and Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq (720-725 AH / 1320-1324 AD).
- Bughra Khan, son of Ghiyasuddin Balban and the ruler of Samana (in Panjab) always favored the poet.
- The last king to be praised by Hazrat Khusro was Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq, who came to power after overthrowing the Khiljis in 1320 AD and ruled up to 1324 AD.
- Hazrat Khusro had a son by the name of Malik Muhammad and a daughter called Afifa.
- He is credited with developing two styles of classical music – Khayal and Tarana – as well as the tabla and sitar.
- Khusrow died in October 1325, six months after the death of Nizamuddin Auliya. Khusrow’s tomb is next to that of his spiritual master in the Nizamuddin Dargah in Delhi.
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