Q. The Food Safety and Standards (FSS) Act, 2006 has come into effect from

Answer: 5th August 2011

Photo Courtesy: fssai.gov.in

Food Safety and Standards (FSS) Act of 2006 came into effect on 05th August 2011.

What is FSS Act 2006

FSSA, 2006 is an Act enacted to keep with changing needs / requirements of time and to consolidate the laws relating to food and to establish the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India.

Before this act, there were 8 different food related laws:
1. Prevention of Food Adulteration Act, 1954
2. Fruit Products Order, 1955
3. Meat Food Products Order, 1973
4. Vegetable Oil Products (Control) Order, 1947
5. Edible Oils Packaging (Regulation) Order, 1998
6. Solvent Extracted Oil, De oiled Meal and Edible Flour (Control) Order,
1967
7. Milk and Milk Products Order, 1992
8. Any other order under Essential Commodities Act, 1955 relating to food

The FSS Act 2006 subsumes these central Acts and bring out a single statutory body for food laws, standards setting and enforcement so that there is one agency to deal and no confusion in the minds of consumers, traders, manufacturers and investors which were due to the multiplicity of food laws.

When did this Act come into existence?

The Food Safety Standards Act received the President assent on 23rd August 2006.

The Government of India notified in the Gazette of India on 24th August 2006.

On 5th September 2008, Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) established under Section 4 of the Act.

The Act enforced by the Government of India on 05th August 2011.

With this enforcement all sections of the Food Safety and Standards Act, 2006 became the law except the provisions relating to the genetically engineered or modified food in section 22.

Conclusion

The Food Safety and Standards Act was enacted in the year 2006 with a view to consolidate the laws relating to Food in the country and to establish the Food Safety and
Standards Authority of India for laying down science-based standards for articles of food
and to regulate their manufacture, storage, distribution, sale and import and to ensure
availability of safe and wholesome food for human consumption.

Important things to remember:

  1. The Food Safety Standards Act 2006 is a unified law relating to Food in the country.
  2. The Food Safety Standards Act received the President assent on 23rd August 2006. 
  3. Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) established under Section 4 of the Act on 5th September 2008
  4. The Act enforced by the Government of India on 05th August 2011.
  5. Provisions relating to the genetically engineered or modified food does not come under this law.

Learn more on this topic

1. FAQ’s on FSSA 2006

  1. FOOD SAFETY AND STANDARDS ACT, 2006 

  2. Food Safety Act takes effect from today

 

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