Q. The Madhav Chitale Committee recently submitted its report, which was related to the issue of:
A. Identification of rivers for speedy implementation of the National Waterways Project
B. Pattern of management and funding for inter-state river interlinking projects
C. De-siltation of River Ganga
D. Role of the Farakka Barrage in causing floods in the state of Bihar
Answer: C. De-siltation of River Ganga
The Madhav Chitale Committee was related to the issue of Desiltation of Ganga.
Chitale committee has recommended a slew of measures for Desiltation of Ganga which include:
- study of reach wise sediment transport processes along with establishing annual sediment budgets to guide de-silting activities,
- Preparation of annual reports (Sand registry) describing the previous de-silting/ dredging activity and
- a technical institute may be entrusted to conduct the sediment budget, morphological and flood routing studies that would examine and confirm the necessity of the de-silting of the reach under consideration.
The committee was constituted in July 2016 by the Ministry of Water Resources River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation to prepare guidelines for desiltation of river Ganga from Bhimgauda (Uttarakhand) to Farakka (West Bengal). Shri Madhav Chitale (Expert Member, NGRBA) was appointed as Chairman of the
Shri Madhav Chitale (Expert Member, NGRBA) was appointed as Chairman of the Committee.
The committee was asked to establish the difference between desilting and sand mining and also to establish a need for desilting for ecology and e-flow of the river Ganga.
The committee in its report says erosion, sediment transport and siltation are very complex phenomena. It is impossible to apply a “one-size-fits-all‟ approach to sediment management and control because the issues involved are frequently very regionally-specific. Local factors such as topography, river control structures, soil and water conservation measures, tree cover, and riparian land-use or land disturbance (for example agriculture, mining, etc.) can have a large impact on sediment loads in rivers.
Chitale Committee recommends several measures for Desiltation of Ganga, 19-May-2017, Press Information Bureau, Government of India