In the given passage, there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. Against each five words are suggested, one of which fits the blank appropriately. Find out the appropriate word in each case.
A strong economy would improve livelihoods and give hope for the future, but the lack of reliable electricity in the country has contributed to holding back prosperity. Over the past five years, GDP growth has averaged 3 percent, too …..(1)….. to fight poverty and create jobs. Demand for power outstrips what the country can produce and …… (2)…… . Planned and unplanned electricity outages of 12 to 16 hours daily nationwide …… (3)…… business, aggravate unemployment and spark angry protests. The country has ……(4)…… energy resources- an estimated 186 billion tons of coal, over 100,000 megawatts of hydro potential and wind potential of up to 3,46,000 megawatts. But the technology and investment to ……(5)…… these resources are limited. An overreliance on imported fuel has exposed the country to high oil prices and there isn’t enough money to keep the system – a mix of private and state-run enterprises running or to fix faulty infrastructure that leaks electricity. A resolution of power crisis is thus very critical to the survival of the country.
1. Over the past five years, GDP growth has averaged 3 percent, too …..….. to fight poverty and create jobs.
Answer: B. Low
In this sentence, the author argues that the GDP growth is not sufficient to fight poverty and create jobs. On the first look, options (a) much, (c) required and(d) tough don’t support his argument.
Then we left with option (b) low and option (e) minimal. Usually, students confuse between these two words while answering this question. So, let us define them and then decide which will suit this sentence.
Low- When we use low, we intend to say that something is lesser in volume, degree or content. For example- low pressure, low vision, low power, etc.
Minimal- On the other hand, minimal means the minimum or lowest possible amount of something. For example- The storm caused minimal damage in our city.
The argument in this sentence is not about what is the minimal value of GDP growth; it could be high or low.
Hence, the answer is (B) low
2. Demand for power outstrips what the country can produce and …………
Answer: (E) Deliver
Explanation: In this sentence, the author is talking about electricity power which a country can produce and distribute or deliver.
3. Planned and unplanned electricity outages of 12 to 16 hours daily nationwide ………… business, aggravate unemployment and spark angry protests.
Answer: (E) Hurt
Explanation: Electricity outages of 12 to 16 hours nationwide means, there is no electricity for economic activities. So, it definitely hurt the business.
4. The country has ………… energy resources- an estimated 186 billion tons of coal, over 100,000 megawatts of hydro potential and wind potential of up to 3,46,000 megawatts.
Answer: (A) Ample
By any estimate, 186 billion tons of coal, over 100,000 megawatts of hydro potential and up to 3,46,000 megawatts wind potential is more than enough for any country to have in its energy pool. So, the option (c) worst; which means most degraded and (e) paucity (An insufficient quantity or number) do not fit the sentence.
The sentence does not indicate that the country has fix energy resource; it only provides an estimate. Therefore we could discard option (b). Fix.
Option (d) Frequent, means happening of something in a regular or short interval. So, We could easily omit this option.
We have an option (a) ample to represent the meaning for more than enough. Hence this would be our answer.
5. But the technology and investment to ………… these resources are limited.
Answer: (D) exploit
Explanation: Through this sentence, the author tries to explain that we have limited technology and investment capacity to utilize these ample energy resources.
Thus, the option which represents the word “utilize” will be our answer. By checking the dictionary I found that exploit also means utilize. Hence the correct answer is (D).
Other options are:
Lack – A state of absence of something.
Solve – To find a solution
Waste – throw away or spend thoughtlessly.
Advantage- Benefit resulting from some event or action